APEX Stair Tower System & Ramp for School NJ

Types of Fire Escapes

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Fire escapes are critical for providing a quick and reliable exit from buildings. This post lists the various types of fire escapes, ranging from standard exterior staircases to some less common types, such as chutes.

APEX Stair Tower System & Ramp for School NJ

The Evolution of Fire Escapes in Building Codes

Fire escapes became a part of building codes in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as a response to several devastating urban fires, such as the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire in 1911. These tragic events highlighted the need for safe and efficient egress routes in multi-story buildings. As cities grew and buildings became taller, the risk of fire-related casualties increased, prompting municipalities to incorporate fire escapes into their building codes and regulations.

Exterior Staircase Fire Escapes

These are the most traditional type, typically found on older buildings. They are constructed on the exterior of the building and provide a direct route to the ground.

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Interior Staircase Fire Escapes

These are enclosed within the building and provide a protected path to the outside. They are often designed to be fire-resistant and may include features like smoke-proof enclosures.

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Interior fire escape

Drop Ladders

These are retractable ladders that can be extended from a window or balcony to the ground. They are often used in residential buildings where space is limited.

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Drop Ladder fire escape

Extending fire escape ladders

Extending fire escape ladders are retractable ladders that can be lowered for emergency egress. They remain retracted when not in use to prevent unauthorized access to the building. Commonly found in urban residential buildings, these ladders are designed to provide a safe descent from windows or balconies to the ground in case of emergencies.

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Chutes

Fire escape chutes are slide-like devices that can be used to quickly evacuate from upper floors. They are less common but provide a rapid means of descent.

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Balcony or Catwalk Fire Escape

Some buildings use a system of interconnected balconies and catwalks to provide an escape route. These are more common in buildings with multiple adjacent units, such as apartments.

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Balcony Catwalk fire escape

Upside Fire Escape Staircases

Our APEX Fire Escape Staircase System is designed to meet ADA, OSHA, and IBC codes and is ready to install from the word go. The non-combustible aluminum components have a modular design that allows our engineers to create infinite configurations.

APEX Metal Stair
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Non-Combustible

Aluminum is non-combustible, and the metal would have to be upwards of 1220° Fahrenheit to melt, which is far past a usable temperature anyway.

Durable, Long Lifecycle

Our fire exit stairs are 100% mill-finish aluminum with stainless steel fasteners, so they will never rust and will remain structurally sound even in coastal locations.

Infinite Configurations

Our modular design and experienced engineers can configure solutions for the most difficult projects.

Reach Any Height

Our team can design modular stairs to reach any height that you need.

Code-Compliant

We design all of our exterior fire stairs to meet whichever code is required for the project whether it needs to meet ADA, OSHA, IBC, or local building codes.

Fast Installation

Prefabricated and bolts together on-site with no welding required.

We Install

Our professional installation crew will ensure that your project goes smoothly and can install anything under 50′ tall.